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JavaFX Tile Pane Layouts

Code Description:

The code provided below shows how to create a Tile Pane layout using JavaFX. Tile Panes allow the children elements to wrap within their pane when there is not enough room to display them all at the same time, much like a Flow Pane. If the orientation is set to horizontal, when the screen width shrinks the elements will drop vertically. If the orientation is set to vertical, when the screen height shrinks the elements will flow to the right. Unlike a Flow Pane, all child elements in the tile pane will take up the same space as the largest element.

Tile Pane Syntax:

TilePane root = new TilePane(Orientation.HORIZONTAL);

Runnable JavaFX Tile Pane Example Code:

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.geometry.Orientation;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.layout.TilePane;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

public class Demo extends Application {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
	int spacingAmount = 5;
	TilePane root = new TilePane(Orientation.HORIZONTAL);

	Button button1 = new Button("Button1");
	Button button2 = new Button("Button2 Extra Long");
	Button button3 = new Button("Button3");
	Button button4 = new Button("Button4");

	root.getChildren().addAll(button1, button2, button3, button4);
	primaryStage.setTitle("Tile Pane Demo");
	primaryStage.setScene(new Scene(root, 200, 200));;


How to Run This Code:

Make sure that your Class name is the same as ours. In this case, we are using the Class name of "Demo". Alternatively, you can change the Class name in the provided code to match yours.

Note: You will NOT be able to copy and paste this code into your IDE unless you first set up JavaFX for your project. Check out this link if you need help setting up JavaFX:

JavaFX Comprehensive Setup Guide


JavaFX Tile Pane Layout Output Image

Important Methods:

  • getChildren().addAll() - Used to add child elements or layouts to the tile pane.
  • setVgap() - Sets the vertical spacing between each of the child elements.
  • setHgap() - Sets the horizontal spacing between each of the child elements.
  • setStyle() - Set an inline CSS-like style on the tile pane. EX: "tilePane.setStyle("-fx-background-color: green;");"
  • setAlignment() - Set how the child elements are aligned in the tile pane. EX: "tilePane.setAlignment(Pos.CENTER);"

Related Links:

JavaFX Flow Pane Layouts JavaFX Resizable Split Pane Layouts JavaFX VBox (Vertical Box Layouts) JavaFX HBox (Horizontal Box Layouts)